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What is Mars Protocol Staking?

Mars Protocol staking involves MARS holders staking or delegating their tokens to validators within the network. This process secures the Mars Hub network, governs outpost features and risk parameters, and earns protocol fees for stakers.

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Mars Protocol

Mars Protocol

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Learn about Mars Protocol Staking

How to stake MARS?

To earn a yield on your MARS, you can either run your own validator or delegate your tokens to the existing one.

We recommend using a Ledger Hardware Wallet to keep full control over your funds. To delegate your tokens, you should ensure you have your MARS on your Keplr wallet and follow the steps below:

Step 1: Visit the Mars Hub Staking Dashboard on Keplr.

Step 2: Select a Verified Staking Provider (VSP) from the validator list. 

Step 3: Click on the Keplr staking button on the right-hand side.

Step 4: Input your desired token amount and click ‘Stake’.

Step 5: Finalize and confirm the transaction in your wallet.

How to choose Mars Protocol validators?

It is essential for users to stake their PoS tokens with dependable and highly performant validators, which is why we rolled out our Staking Rewards Verified Staking Provider (VSP) Program in June 2022. Through this program, we thoroughly scrutinize potential validators, evaluating factors such as security measures, their on-chain reliability, their provider setup, and value-added services for the whole ecosystem.

There are many metrics to consider when selecting a validator to delegate to:

Commission Rates: The commission rate a validator charges is the % of your reward that the validator keeps for themselves. A high commission rate means your rewards will be lower, whilst a low commission rate could mean that the validator is not profitable and could cause issues for them in the future. Keep in mind that validators can adjust their commission rates up or down over time. 

Number of Users: A high number of delegators could indicate positive sentiment towards a validator. 

Validators Self-Staked Balance: A provider with a high amount of staked tokens likely has more incentive to continue operating their services as they have more to lose than those with low self-staked balances. This metric has some limitations as Validators can choose to delegate to their own validator from another wallet, which is done to increase the security of their funds. 

Current Status: To check if a validator is currently active, go to the Stride Validator Dashboard on Mintscan. The default view on this page is for “Active” validators, but you can also filter to view inactive validators in the top right corner of the page. Keep in mind that only the top 100 validators on Stride, ranked by balance, receive rewards.

Network Share: You typically don’t want to choose a validator with the highest or a low network share. Delegating to the most popular validators increases centralization risks within the network as those validators will have more say in governance and produce a larger share of the blocks. A validator with a low network share might not be profitable, increasing the risk of discontinuing their services. If a validator drops out of the eligible set, they also stop earning rewards. However, if you are willing to put more time in, then delegating to a smaller validator helps support the decentralization of the network. You would just have to make sure to check regularly if the provider is still active and operating. 

Performance: Make sure you pick a validator with the highest possible performance. Further, please check individual validators’ uptime, and our recommendation is only to pick those with a >=99% uptime and a long history of not getting slashed.

How are MARS rewards generated?

Fees: Interest payments contribute to staking rewards by distributing 90% to Red Bank lenders and splitting the remaining 10% equally between the Safety Fund and Mars Hub stakers. The Safety Fund's share is converted to Axelar USDC (axlUSDC) and transferred to Mars Hub, while the Mars Hub stakers' share is swapped to MARS. This amount is then allocated between validators and delegators according to each validator's commission rates by the Mars Hub distribution module.

What are the risks to staking MARS?

We strive to make staking as safe and transparent as possible, however, it's important to consider factors that may influence whether a particular staking option is appropriate for you.

Slashing Risk: Poorly performing validator nodes (i.e. those that are offline or have weak network connections) will be penalized and earn fewer rewards.

Unbonding Risk: When staking MARS tokens, there is a lockup period of 14 days. This means that investors will not be able to sell their tokens immediately, but instead need to wait 14 days after initiating unbonding before they can be traded again. This is something to keep in mind when deciding to stake, as crypto markets are highly volatile. Consider keeping funds liquid if you do not intend to hold MARS long-term. 

Dropping out of the Active Set: A validator could drop out of the top eligible validator set, meaning they no longer earn any rewards. Ensure you check back frequently to ensure your validator is active, not jailed, and has not unreasonably raised their commission fees. 

Security Risks: There is an inherent risk that the protocol could contain unknown bugs, this risk applies not only to staking but also to the investment in MARS.

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list of all the risks related to staking.

What is the Red Bank?

The Red Bank is a decentralized, autonomous smart contract for peer-to-peer token lending and borrowing, deployed to a specific Outpost. Lenders deposit tokens into the Red Bank to earn rewards, often referred to as yield, interest rate, or APR/APY, which are ultimately funded by token borrowers.

The Red Bank adopts a well-established two-slope interest rate model, popularized by Aave and Compound in DeFi. This model is designed to maintain stability by targeting a specific utilization rate (the amount borrowed relative to the amount deposited). It utilizes a curve that sharply increases interest rates beyond the optimal utilization level, effectively discouraging excessive borrowing.

What is MARS tokenomics?

The MARS token plays a crucial role in coordinating and aligning the incentives of various stakeholders within the Mars ecosystem. The total supply of MARS tokens is capped at 1 billion, with the allocation as follows:

Token Claim (~66.6M): Distributed to all MARS-Classic token holders on Terra Classic as of specific snapshot periods. These tokens will be fully unlocked and claimable upon genesis.

Community Pool (~633.4M): Governed by the Martian Council, this pool may be used for staking, lending, borrowing rewards, token grants, and other community-building initiatives.

Mars Contributors (300M): Allocations for builders with vesting schedules. One-third unlocks from a smart contract escrow on September 1, 2023, with the remainder unlocking daily over the next two years. Additional vesting and contractual restrictions may apply.

Mars Protocol
Mars ProtocolMARS
Mars Protocol is an advanced decentralized credit protocol designed for a self-sovereign, inter-chain, non-custodial, and community-governed future. It features a Red Bank for overcollateralized loans using a two-slope interest rate model, akin to Aave or Compound. Mars excels in Contract-to-Contract (C2C) lending, enabling whitelisted smart contracts...Read more