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What is Celestia Staking?

Celestia staking lets you delegate TIA tokens to a validator you select, maintaining full control of your keys. Validators use these tokens as a bond for blockchain validation, and you earn a share of the rewards generated. The current reward rate of the Celestia blockchain is -.

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How to stake Celestia (TIA)

To earn a yield on your TIA, you can either lend them out to custodial providers or via DeFi lending protocols, run your own validator, or delegate your tokens to validators of your choice.

We recommend using a Ledger Hardware Wallet to keep full control over your funds. To delegate your tokens, you should ensure you have your TIA on your Keplr wallet and follow the steps below:


Step 1: Go to the Keplr TIA Staking Dashboard and connect your Ledger/Keplr wallet.

Step 2: Select a validator from the table. If you are unsure which validator to delegate to, refer to our FAQ on choosing a validator for guidance.

Step 3: Once you have chosen a validator and decided on the number of tokens you would like to stake, click ‘Stake’ and input your desired token amount. 

Step 4: Finalize by clicking stake and confirming the transaction in your wallet.


Do I need to maintain my staking in any way?

After delegating your TIA tokens, there are a few things to keep in mind:


TIA token holders can claim rewards, unstake, redelegate, or stake additional tokens.

It is possible to switch your delegation from one validator to another without waiting for the unbonding period. This may be something to consider if your current validator raises their commission rate or gets jailed for misbehavior on the chain. However, please note that once you’ve redelegated, you’ll need to wait 14 days before you can do it again.

Keep in mind that rewards are not auto-compounded, so to maximize your returns, you may want to claim and stake your rewards more frequently. However, it’s important to consider that each transaction will incur gas fees, so you may want to use our TIA Staking Calculator to determine the optimal re-staking frequency for your amount of TIA. Alternatively, you can use tools like restake.app to choose a validator that will auto-compound your rewards.

Lastly, as a participant in the Celestia Ecosystem, once you have staked your tokens, you can vote on Celestia Governance Proposals. While your contribution and vote are highly valuable to the ecosystem, participating does not affect the sum of your rewards.


How do I choose Celestia validators?

It is essential for users to stake their PoS tokens with dependable and highly performant validators, which is why we have rolled out our Staking Rewards Verified Staking Provider (VSP) Program in June 2022. Through this program, we thoroughly scrutinize potential validators, evaluating factors such as security measures, their on-chain reliability, their provider setup, and value-added services for the whole ecosystem.

There are many metrics to consider when selecting a validator to delegate to:

Commission Rates: The commission rate a validator charges is the % of your reward that the validator keeps for themselves. A high commission rate means your rewards will be lower, whilst a low commission rate could mean that the validator is not profitable and could cause issues for them in the future. Keep in mind that validators can adjust their commission rates up or down over time. 

Number of Users: A high number of delegators could indicate positive sentiment towards a validator. 

Validators Self-Staked Balance: A provider with a high amount of staked tokens likely has more incentive to continue operating their services as they have more to lose than those with low self-staked balances. This metric has some limitations as Validators can choose to delegate to their own validator from another wallet, which is done to increase security of their funds. 

Current Status: To check if a validator is currently active, go to the Validator Dashboard on Mintscan. The default view on this page is for “Active” validators, but you can also filter to view inactive validators in the top right corner of the page. Keep in mind that only the top 100 validators on Celestia, ranked by balance, receive rewards.

Network Share: You typically don’t want to choose a validator with the highest or a low network share. Delegating to the most popular validators increases centralisation risks within the network as those validators will have more say in governance and produce a larger share of the blocks. A validator with a low network share might not be profitable, increasing the risk of them discontinuing their services. If a validator drops out of the top 100, they also stop earning rewards. However, if you are willing to put more time in, then delegating to a smaller validator helps support the decentralization of the network. You would just have to make sure to check regularly if the provider is still active and operating. 

Performance: Make sure you pick a validator with the highest possible performance. Further, please check individual validators’ uptime, and our recommendation is only to pick those with a >=99% uptime and a long history of not getting slashed. 

Value Add to the Ecosystem: Some providers offer extra services to their delegators, such as tax reporting tools or explorers. This can be another great way to filter for validators that are long-term invested in the Celestia Ecosystem. By delegating to a validator that is strongly dedicated to the Celestia Ecosystem, you are supporting their development that indirectly impacts the value of your TIA investment beyond the rewards from staking.


How are the Celestia staking rewards generated?

Staking rewards for TIA are composed of:

Block rewards: The annual provisions for inflation are determined by the initial total supply of TIA at the start of each year. Celestia calculates the issuance of TIA per block based on the block timestamp rather than the block height to account for variable time intervals between blocks, ensuring that the actual issuance aligns with the target.

Transaction Fees: Each transaction processed by the network comes with transaction fees. Transaction fees are collected by the validators and distributed to each delegator proportional to their stake.

It’s important to keep in mind that the total annual rewards are divided among all active stakers. As the number of staked tokens increases, the reward rate decreases.

You are welcome to play around with our TIA Staking Calculator to get a better feel of how these metrics can influence your rewards. 


What are the risks to staking TIA?

We strive to make staking as safe and transparent as possible, however, it's important to consider factors that may influence whether a particular staking option is appropriate for you.


Slashing risk: TIA delegated to a validator can be partially slashed if the validator misbehaves. On top of getting slashed, a validator can also be jailed, during which time you will not be earning any rewards. You can get slashed up to 2% for double signing events.

Unbonding risk: When staking TIA tokens, there is a lockup period of 21 days. This means that investors will not be able to sell their tokens immediately, but instead need to wait 21 days after initiating unbonding before they can be traded again. This is something to keep in mind when deciding to stake, as crypto markets are highly volatile. Consider keeping funds liquid if you do not intend to hold TIA long-term. 

Dropping out of the active set: A validator could drop out of the top 100 validators, meaning they no longer earn any rewards. Ensure you check back frequently to ensure your validator is active, not jailed and has not unreasonably raised their commission fees. 

Protocol security risks: There is an inherent risk that the protocol could contain unknown bugs, this risk applies not only to staking but also the investment in TIA.


Please note that this is not an exhaustive list of all the risks related to staking.


What is TIA?

TIA is the native token of the Celestia ecosystem that is used to carry out the key functions of the platform as detailed below:


Token Utilities

  • Gas token: Each transaction processed by the network requires a small fee to be paid to the validator. 
  • Governance: TIA is used to vote on governance proposals on the network. TIA holders (not just stakers) can propose and vote on governance proposals to change a subset of network parameters. The amount of voting power is measured in terms of stake.
  • Staking: Users can temporarily lock TIA up to contribute to the security of the Celestia ecosystem.

What consensus algorithm does Celestia (TIA) use?

Celestia is powered by Tendermint BFT. Tendermint BFT is a Byzantine Fault Tolerant (BFT) consensus engine developed by Tendermint. It offers instant finality, is horizontally scalable and is secure against malicious actors. It is also open-source, meaning anyone can inspect and use the code. Additionally, it is simple to set up and use, allowing developers to quickly and easily build distributed applications. The active validator set consists of the 100 highest-ranked validators by staked tokens, from which 1 validator is randomly selected to propose a block with 66% of the remaining active validators being required to attest the block in order for it to become final. The higher the stake, the more likely they are to be selected.


What are the tokenomics of Celestia?

Celestia launched with a total supply of 1,000,000,000 TIA at genesis. TIA inflation starts at 8% annually and decreases by 10% every year until it reaches the long term issuance rate of 1.5%. Starting at genesis, Celestia’s community pool receives 2% of all Celestia block rewards. TIA stakers may vote to fund ecosystem initiatives as in many other Cosmos SDK chains.


Initial token distribution:

  • 20% is allocated to the public via a genesis drop, incentivised testnet, and future initiatives.
  • 26.8% is allocated to research and development
  • 19.7% is allocated to Early Backers: Series A&B
  • 15.8% is allocated to seed investors
  • 17.6% is allocated to the Initial Core Contributors
Celestia
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Celestia is a modular data availability network that securely scales with the number of users, making it easy for anyone to launch their own blockchain